I've seen a similar thing (but smaller) in a shop recently and it was called "puzzle" and it was one of a series and all others were indeed puzzles.
But I'm not able to take it apart at all. Maybe with patience I could, but it's boring and still wouldn't be a puzzle. I think it's just "art".
These are made by Arjeu. I had an octagon rather than the triacontahedron you have. I pulled it apart, and it soon became clear that the wooden dowels connecting the pieces are not glued, so it can be taken apart completely and the dowels removed.
I decided to glue the dowels in particular holes so that it actually did become a proper puzzle. Unfortunately it couldn't quite be put together that way without forcing it, and it broke. It is now completely glued together and can't be taken apart.